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XLV Конгрес на Международната комисия по военна история,

София, България, 18-23 август 2019 г.

XLV Congress of the International Commission of Military History, Sofia, Bulgaria, August 18-23, 2019

XLV Congress de la Commission International d' Histoire Militaire, Sofia, Bulgarie, 18-23 Aout 2019

 

P R O G R A M

of the XLV Congres of the ICMH

Sofia, August 18-23, 2019

 

UNSETTLED PROBLEMS AFTER THE 1919 PEACE CONFERENCE;

MILITARY CONFLICTS AND DIPLOMATIC NEGOTIATIONS

 

 

 

 

 

UNDER THE AEGIS OF THE MINISTER OF DEFENSE OF REPUBLIC OF BULGARIA MR. KRASIMIR KARAKACHANOV

 

 

P R O G R A M

C O N T E N T S

 

International Commission of Military History............................

Organisational Committee of the XLV Congres of the ICMH......……….

Our partners............................................................................

Academic Program………………….……………………………

Cultural Program………………………………………………

Post-Congress Tour……………………………………………..

Instructions for publication of the papers.............................................

 

 

International Commission of Military History

 

President Prof. Dr. Massimo de Leonardis (ITA)

 

Vice-presidents Dr. Hans Pawlisch (USA)
Dr. Efpraxia Paschalidou (GRC)

Treasurer Prof. Dr. Jan Hoffenaar (NLD)

Secretary General LtCol (GS) Dr. Kris Quanten (BEL)

Members Kapitän zu See Dr. Jörg Hillmann (DEU)
Prof. Dr. Jean D. Avenel (FRA)
Senior Colonel Ke Chunqiao (CHN)
Captain (Navy) (Ret) José Maria Blanco Núñez (ESP)
Univ.-Doz. Dr. Erwin Schmidl (AUT)
Dr. Carmen Sorina Rijnoveanu (ROU)
Prof. Chiharu Inaba (JPN)
Col (Ret) Willard B. Snyder (BGR)

Honorary presidents Prof. Emer. Dr. A. Corvisier (†) (FRA)
Dr. C.M. Schulten (NLD)
Prof. Emer. Dr. Luc De Vos (BEL)
Dr. Piet Kamphuis (NLD)

 

Bibliographical Committee

President Dr. Marco Wyss (UK)

 

Military Archives Committee

President Michael Steidel (DEU)

 

Educational Committee

President Dr. Phil. Michael Olsansky (CHE)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Organisational Committee

of the XLVCongress of the ICMH:

 

 

President Ivo Antonov, Director of the Directory "Social Policy and Policy on Military Patriotic Education"

Vice- president Prof. Dimitar Minchev, Colonel (r) – President of the BCMH

 

Members: Colonel (r), Dr. Dobromor Totev, Vice-President BCMH

Prof. Dr. Jordan Baev – Director Academic Programs BCMH

Rumiana Miteva - Director Cultural Programs BCMH

Colonel Antoni Zaprianov - Secretary General of the BCMH

Dr. Veselin Iliev - Finances and Law of the BCMH

Colonel (r) Willard B. Snyder - member BCMH

Tanya Gergova - manager

Miroslav Kamenov - website

 

Secretariat Rado Simeonov

Christina Alexova

Vyara Petkova

 

 

 

 

 

 

OUR PARTNERS:

 

MINISTRY OF DEFENSE

G.S. RAKOVSKI NATIONAL DEFENSE COLLEGE

THE BREIDENTHAL-SNYDER FOUNDATION

STATE AGENCY "ARCHIVES"

GRAND HOTEL SOFIA

 

 

 

 

 

 

45th Congress of the International Commission of Military History

Unsettled Problems after the 1919 Peace Conference;

Military Conflicts and Diplomatic Negotiations

18 – 23 August 2019 Central Military Club Sofia Bulgaria

 

ACADEMIC PROGRAM

Saturday, 17 August

Arrivals and registration of the participants and accompanying persons

Sunday, 18 August

09.00 – 12. 00

Hall 4: Meeting of the ICMH Executive Board

Hall 3: Meeting of the Bibliography Committee

Hall 1: Meeting of the Educational Committee

Hall 5: Meeting of the Military Archives Committee (State Archives)

14.30-16.30

Option 1: Walking historical tour in Sofia city center

Option 2: Visit National Military History Museum

 

18.30-20.30 Welcome cocktail party at Hall 2

 

Monday, 19 August

 

09.00 – 10.00

Opening Session

 

Chair: Prof. Dr. Dimitar Minchev, President of the BCMH

 

Address on behalf of the President of Bulgaria, MG (Ret.) Dr. Rumen Radev

 

Address by the Bulgarian Minister of Defense, Dr. Krasimir Karakachanov

 

Address by the ICMH President, Prof. Dr. Massimo de Leonardis

 

Key Note Speaker: Prof. Dr. Valeri Kolev (Sofia University “St. Kliment Ohridski”): The Presence of the Entente Armies in Bulgaria at the End of World War I

 

10.00 – 11.00 Group Photo; Coffee/Tea Break

 

11.00 – 12.30

 

Panel 1 (Concert Hall)

 

Chair: Dr. Piet Camphuis (The Netherlands)

Col. (Ret.) Manuel García Cabezas (Spain): L´Espagne et la Première Guerre Mondiale : participation et conséquences.

Prof. Dr. Jean D. Avenel (France): Les guerres civiles dans les pays baltes 1918-1921

Prof. Dr. Mikkel Kirkebaek (Denmark):Radicalization among Danish war veterans of the Baltic independence wars in 1919 – depart Tuesday – Depart on 20 August

 

Panel 2 (Hall 1)

Chair : Kapitän zur See Dr. Jörg Hillmann (Germany)

Col. Jose Romero (Spain): The Theory of War upon conclusion of the Great War at Europe

 

Prof. Dr. Erwin Schmidl (Austria): Entente forces in Austria in 1918-1920

 

Col. (Ret.) Willard Snyder (USA): Putting the Freicorps in Germany in Perspective

12.30 – 14.00 Lunch (Hall 2)

 

14.00 – 15.30

Panel 3 (Concert Hall)

Chair: Dr. Marco Wyss (United Kingdom)

Prof. Dr. Lasse Laaksonen (Finland): War and peace – the Åland Islands dispute 1917–1922

 

Lt. Col. Flavio Carbone (Italy): Carabinieri Mobile Battalions in the aftermath of the First World War

Prof. Dr. Nikolay Nikiforov (Russia): The 1919 Paris Peace Conference and New Problems of European Security

 

Panel 4 (Hall 1)

Chair: Col. (Ret.) Willard Snyder (USA)

Dr. Efpraxia Paschalidou (Greece): When the diplomacy of peacemaking is triggering an impending war; Greece in the summer of 1919

Dr. Carmen Rijnoveanu (Romania): Romania between the Bucharest Peace Treaty and Paris Peace Conference: the uneasy path of a small power in the great power game

BG Dr. Grudi Angelov (Bulgaria): The Impact of the Neuilly Peace Treaty on the National Power of Bulgaria

 

19.00-21.00

Dinner on behalf of the Minister of Defense Mr. Krasimir Karakachanov

Lozenets MoD Residence

 

Tuesday, 20 August

9.00 – 12.30

Meeting of the Full Board ICMH (Hall 4)

9.00 – 10.30

Panel 5 (Concert Hall)

Chair: Lt. Col. Dr. Harold Raugh (USA)

Dr. Paolo Formiconi (Italy): A Ghost wonders around Versailles. The Allies and the Red Russia

Dr. Oleg Alpeev (Russia): Construction of the Red Army as a response to the challenges of the Versailles world order

Sr. Col. Zhang Mingcang: (China) The Paris Peace Conference and the Communist Party of China

 

Panel 6(Hall 1)

Chair: Dr. Michael Rouland (USA)

Amb. Dr. Dumitru Preda (Romania): Romania and the Bolshevik offensive in Europe. The International Dimension of the Romanian Army Campaign in 1919-1920

Prof. Dr. Pasi Tuunainen (Finland): Fighting in subarctic forests: Military expeditions by irredentist Finnish volunteers into Russian Eastern Karelia, 1918–1922

Dr. Kestutis Kilinskas (Lithuania): Order "from above" or self determination? Voting of army to Constituent Assembly of Lithuania 1920

10.30 – 11.00 Coffee/Tea Break

11.00 – 12.30

Panel 7 (Concert Hall)

Chair: Prof. Dr. Gianluca Pastori (Italy)

Dr. Francine Saint-Ramond (France): Le commandement français à Constantinople/Istanbul - 1919-1920 - à travers les mémoires du général Nayral de Bourgon commandant les forces françaises en Orient

Prof. Dr. Mohamed Issa Babana El Alaoui (Morocco): L’IMPACT DE LA CONFERENCE DE PAIX DE 1919 SUR LES NATIONALISMES AFRICAINS PAR L’ABSENCE DE LA QUESTION COLONIALE: LE CAS DU MAROC

 

Prof. Daniel Abwa (Cameroon): La crise des Régions du Nord-ouest et du Sud-ouest au Cameroun: 2016 à nos jours. Résurgence du partage du Cameroun au Traité de Versailles

 

Panel 8 (Hall 1)

 

Chair: Dr. M. Christian Ortner (Austria)

 

BG Marco Ciampini (Italy): Weimar- an unsettled problem: the new economic military framework deriving from the peace treaty

Prof. Dr. Oreste Foppiani (Switzerland): Italy's aspirations in the Adriatic Sea in the aftermath of WWI: Impromptu Intelligence and Naval Diplomacy

Peter Mulready: (Ireland) Ireland and the Treaty of Versailles

 

12.30 – 14.00 Lunch (Hall 2)

 

14.00 – 15.30

 

Panel 9 (Concert Hall)

Chair: Prof. Dr. Tomasz Ciesielski (Poland)

 

Prof. Andrew Orr (USA): Trying to Win the Peace: the Franco-Turkish War (1919-1922) and the Struggle to end the Great War in the Middle East

Dr. Giacomo Innocenti (Italy): British, French and Italian, wary allies

Dr. Gilman Barndollar (USA): “Arabs, Aeroplanes, and Armoured Cars:” Imperial Policing and Britain’s Postwar Crisis of Empire, 1919 - 1921

 

 

Panel 10 (Hall 1)

 

Chair: Sr. Col. Ke Chunqiao (China)

Prof. Dr. Ömer Turan (Turkey): Turkey in the Aftermath of the First World War: from Occupations to Independence, from Paris to Lausanne

Drs. Anselm van der Peet (The Netherlands): HORNET’S NEST SMYRNA 1922-1923. The strange case of Dutch gunboat diplomacy in Turkish waters

Major Ardiansyah (Indonesia): The Influences of Ethical Politics toward Indonesian National Movement

15.30 – 16.00 Coffee/Tea Break

16.00 – 18,00

 

Panel 11 (Hall 1)

Chair: Prof. Dr. Jordan Baev (Bulgaria)

Rado Simeonov and Christina Alexova (Bulgaria): The “Petrich incident” in 1925 and the League of Nations

Asist. Prof. PhD Candidate Boyan Zhekov (Bulgaria): Bulgaria and the “secret” military buildup in the Interwar Period

 

PhD Candidate Gloria Stoeva (Bulgaria): The Third section of the Russian All-Military Union (ROVS) - leading figures, activities, goals and partnerships in Bulgaria and beyond

 

19.00 – 21.00

Dinner at Grand Hotel Sofia

 

Wednesday, August 21

09.00 – 17.00

A whole day cultural program: trip to Giginski Monastery A lunch at open air. On the way back - visit to the Krakra Fortress, Pernik

 

Evening free

 

Thursday, 22 August

9.00 – 10.30

Panel 12 (Concert Hall)

Chair: Prof. Dr. Victor Gavrilov (Russia)

PhD Candidate Seppo Vepsäläinen (Finland): The Independence Wars Resulting in Losses of Independence in Eastern Europe

Thomas Hauser (USA): Shattering Siegfried's Sword: Imposing Disarmament on Germany from 1918 to 1926.

Dr. Richard Mayne (Canada): Unresolved issues of Imperial airpower after the First World War: Canada, the United Kingdom and the diplomatic challenges of creating a national air force, 1919 – 1924

 

Panel 13 (Hall 1)

Chair: Dr. Carmen Rjnoveanu (Romania)

 

Prof. Dr. Bernard Cook, Dr. David W. Moore (USA): The United States and the Formation of the Kingdom of the Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes or a Greater Serbia

Dr. Jorge Manuel Lima da Silva Rocha (Portugal): From the 1919 Peace Conference to the 1926 military dictatorship-Portugal and the consequences of the First World War

Dr. Grant Harward (USA): The youth ran away from the army like from a fire": Building the Romanian Officer Corps after the First World War

10.30 – 11.00 Coffee/Tea Break

 

11.00 – 12.30

Panel 14 (Concert Hall)

Chair: Dr. Randy Papadopoulos (USA)

Prof. Dr. Gianluca Pastori (Italy): World War One and its impact in Middle Asia: the Third Afghan war

MG Shen Zhihua (China): The Awakening and Resistance in Turbulence: The Aftermath of Paris Peace Conference and China's War of Resistance Against Japanese Aggression

Jung Joon Choi (R. Korea): Development of the Popular Movement in Korea and the Anti-Japan War after the Paris Conference

 

Panel 15 (Hall 1)

Chair: BG Necdet Tuna (Turkey)

Capt. (Guardia Civil) Joaquin Mariano Pellicer Balsalobre (Spain): England´s return to Palestine after the First World War. Reasons, motives and consequences

Col. (Res.) Benny Michelsohn (Israel): British Mandate on Palestine Two States for two nations

Dr. Eric Setzekorn (USA): Changing Borders on the Steppe: Northeast Asia after WWI

 

12.30 – 14.00 Lunch (Hall 2)

 

14.00 – 14.30

Meeting of Congress participants with war veterans and with representatives of the Patriotic

organizations of the reserve military officers at the Monument of the Unknown Hero.

 

14.30-18.00

Program, dedicated to the 140th Anniversary of the Liberation of Bulgaria, headed by the President Organizing Committee of the Congress Mr. Ivo Antonov, Director of MoD Directorate “Social Policy and Policy on Military Patriotic Education”:

- "Heroes of Shipka" film (Concert Hall)

- Program of the Bulgarian Army Orchestra

- Cocktail Party

 

Friday, 23 August

9.00 – 10.30

Panel 16 (Concert Hall)

Chair: Prof. Matitiahu Mayzel (Israel)

Lt. Col. Dr. Dalibor Denda (Serbia): Reestablishing of German –Yugoslav relations after WWI

Dr Andreas Karyos (Cyprus): The Events in Colonial Cyprus in October 1931: the Suppression of a Revolt in the Interwar Years

Prof. Dr. Victor Gavrilov (Russia): "The Balkan Tangle" in the Triangle of Interests in the 1930s

Panel 17 (Hall 1)

Chair: Dr. Michael Olsansky (Switzerland)

Dr. Enrico Magnani (Italy): The military dimension of League of Nations

Capt. PhD candidate Nikolai Leontev (Russia): Munich Agreement and European Security Issues

PhD candidate Motohiro Fujii (Japan): The Lost Peace Settlement and Escalation of the War: A Case of Sino-Japanese War

10.30 – 11.00 Coffee/Tea Break

 

 

11.00 – 12.30

 

Panel 18 (Concert Hall)

Chair: Lt.-Gen. Rafael Sanchez Ortega (Spain)

 

Dr. Anne Louise Antonoff (USA): Macedonia, Balkan Federation, and the Geopolitics of the Straits: Waging Armed Politics and Preempting Diplomacy

PhD Candidate Kevin Smythe (Australia): Breaking the Japanese Air Blockade of Australia – 1942

Prof. Dr. Kyengho Son (R. Korea): The Legacy of Collective Defense : Rethinking the work of the UN Forces during the Korean War

Panel 19 (Hall 1)

Chair: Prof. Allon Klebanoff (Israel)

Sr. Col. Ke Chunqiao (China): Mao Zedong's Art of Guiding the Combination of Military Struggle and Political Negotiations in the Korean War

Dr. Sin Jae Lee (R. Korea): A Study on the Military Conflicts and Diplomatic Solutions between the U.S. and North Korea during the Cold War

Col. (Ret.) Sergei Poplvskii (Russia): Cuban missile crisis – the unknown pages. Use of secret channels of communication for peaceful settlement

12.30 – 14.00 Lunch (Hall 2)

14.00 – 17.00

Closing Session

General Assembly Annual Session

Presentations

 

Closing address by the President of the Bulgarian Organizing Committee, Mr. Ivo Antonov,

Director of MoD Directorate “Social Policy and Policy on Military Patriotic Education

 

19.00 – 22.00

Farewell dinner (Concert Hall)

 

 

 

 

 

CULTURAL PROGRAM WITH THE ACCOMPANIING PERSONS

 

Monday, August 19: 10.30-17.00

History museums around Sofia; National History Museum; Lunch (?)

 

Tuesday, August 20, 09.00-17.00

Trip to the historical town of Koprivshtica

 

Thursday,August 22, 09.00-13.30

Visit museums in Sofia

 

Friday, August 23: 09.00-17.00

Trip to the historical town of Samokov

 

 

 

P R O G R A M

for the Post-Congress tour, August 24 - 28, 2019

 

Saturday, August 24

09.00 Start of the tour. Bus leaves from Grand Sofia Hotel.

12.00 Arrival Veliko Tarnovo City - Bulgarian capital 11-12 C. Lunch.

14.00 Check-in hotel.

15.00 Visit the 12th C. fortress and museum

20.00 Dinner and "Light and Sound" spectacle.

 

Sunday, August 25

09.00 Trip to Pleven city. Visit to the Panorama of the 1877 battle

12.00 Lunch

14.00 Trip to the Roman town Nikopolis ad Istrum

19.00 Dinner

 

Monday, August 26

09.00 Тrip to Sofia city. Lunch.

14.00 Тrip to the town of Melnik. Check-in hotel for two nig